Opinion / Report
Accurate synthesis of situation
LACK OF CONTROL OR SENTINELS — Wildlife, bush-meat and subsistence livestock largely interact without veterinarian services, surveillance, or DZ transmission modeling in the developing world. More likely to propagate in areas where humanitarian deployments occur, these factors pose unknown infectious threats to aid workers and military assistance
CLIMATIC CHANGES AND MIGRATIONS facilitate biotic shifts and evolutions in microbes and vectors; intensified animal and human migration patterns compound changes in weather and epidemiology posing unknown DZ threats as the situation evolves
Increased and facile HUMAN TRAVEL provides DZ agents new opportunities for transmission, e.g., the spread of Aedes alopticus, anopheline, phlebotamine, ixodine and other vectors with the potential to facilitate newly susceptible/ immunologically naïve, multi-species hosts with DZ
ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS – As lands become industrialized, neglected DZs become marginalized along with local populations. Populations stressed on the fringes of development who then undergo societal upheavals (due to man-made or natural disasters) are likely pockets of neglected DZ which can become overwhelming to the greater populace, endanger aid workers and grow more virulent. Aid-workers are likely to deploy to these infection-risky regions.
ENVIRONMENTAL BACKLASH can be expected in developing countries and further influenced by unpredictable factors of human behavioral response within the changing ecosystem. Stressors imposed by expanding Agr trends will almost certainly degrade ecosystems and human health.