The word eczema refers to a skin disease which produces inflammatory conditions of the skin. The skin disease has the characteristics like redness, itching and thickening of skin spotted mostly on the elbows, face, knees and arms. Many people confuse dermatitis with eczema. They both are not the same. Eczema is a common term used to refer the rashes produced on the skin. Whereas the dermatitis is a specific skin inflammation produced on the skin.
Eczema affects mostly the infants of three years old and above. Eczema occurs due to hereditary, genetic, allergic conditions or asthma. There is no exact reason for the cause of eczema. One of the vital factors may be improper functions of immune system. It may arise as a factor of using soap, detergents. Wearing ornaments and sweat secreted may be a factor too.
Eczema can be diagnosed by checking the affected skin part by physical examination and considering the brief history of the condition of the disease. In general Biopsy may be conducted to check whether it is eczema or some other disease. Based on the test results, the specific reason is identified to cure eczema.
The ultimate aim of the eczema treatment is to avoid the skin inflammation, itching and not to make the conditions worse. Eczema treatment is performed relying up on the patient’s age, health conditions and the condition of the disease at that time.
With the help of creams and ointments the eczema treatment can be performed. Creams and ointments mainly used to hydrate the skin in order to prevent in from dryness and itching. A cream called antihistamine is used to control itching when it is severe. Ultra violet therapy is used in some cases of eczema treatment.
Source by Anand Prabhakar